THE DINOSAURS OF INDIA GALLERY
This gallery is devoted to the display of dinosaurian material from India. First discovered in 1828 by Captain William Sleeman near Jabalpur cantonment, dinosaurs form an important part of India 's rich fossil heritage.
The current exhibition highlights several important aspects of Indian dinosaurs, including:
- the types of dinosaurs found in India
- the distribution and location of fossil sites
- the environments in which they lived
- their diet, specially the plants that they fed upon
- their nesting behaviour
- the animals and plants that lived along with them
- their sudden extinction along with that of several other organisms about 65 million years ago.
The geological history of Indian dinosaurs spans from about 225 to 65 million years ago, and is represented by the Triassic, Jurassic and Cretaceous periods. Several important finds have been made in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Meghalaya. Two skeletons of giant plant-eating dinosaurs, have been mounted at the Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata and the Birla Science Centre, Hyderabad. The recent find of a fierce meat-eating dinosaur, Rajasaurus narmadensis , near Kheda, Gujarat adds to the growing list of different types of Indian dinosaurs
A wealth of scientific information is provided by research carried out during the last 170 years. Highlights include the occurrence of the world's largest known dinosaurian nesting sites in the Cretaceous of central India and the record of dinosaur dung with plant material other notable finds include the demarcation of iridium-rich layers marking the asteroid dust-cloud fallout in Gujarat and Meghalaya. This asteroid is the same one that is believed to have struck the death knell not only of the dinosaurs but also of several other organisms, about 65 million years ago
The displays are designed to excite the imagination of young minds, explain some basic concepts of biology and popularise the rich geological heritage of India.