Le-Corbusier designed this building as an extention of his already established philosophy, where he conceives of such institution as ever growing and ever expanding ( first museum building designed by him in this country was 'Sanskar Kendra' in Ahmedabad, Gujarat ). The museum is designed to provide architectural harmony in its interior by the use of colour as well as by means of structure with spaces flowing into one another, allowing long and deep uninterrupted views. The building is an unique example in designing of art galleries as an architectural monument.
The basic plan of the museum building is based on a grid system of columns and beams and is a square of 165 feet by 165 feet. The main building is divided vertically into three levels. Level 1 has the reception hall, foyer, reserve collection storage, conservation laboratory, temporary exhibition hall, and auditorium. The main galleries are on Level 2. Level 3 has the offices of curatorial staff, research rooms, committee room and library. Communication is through the centre of square by means of a ramp, and additional provision has been made for goods lift and service staircase to carry exhibits to the different levels of the museum. Facilities for the disposal of rainwater have been made so that it runs into pools through canals that are laid out on the two sides of the building.
It is a museum in which lighting by daylight has been used to maximum advantage. Light is admitted from the North East and South West sides through the sky light openings louvered to prevent the direct sun rays from penetrating into the galleries. In addition to this, a system of top lighting is provided along the entire length of the building from North East to South West. Handled with thought and imagination this provides the right intensity of lighting for the correct illumination of various objects of art.